CNBC Daily Open: UBS agrees to buy Credit Suisse
The logos of Swiss banks Credit Suisse and UBS on March 16, 2023 in Zurich, Switzerland.
Arnd Wiegmann | Getty Images News | Getty Images
This report is from today’s CNBC Daily Open, our new, international markets newsletter. CNBC Daily Open brings investors up to speed on everything they need to know, no matter where they are. Like what you see? You can subscribe here.
UBS agrees to buy Credit Suisse, in a merger engineered by Swiss regulators.
What you need to know today
- Banks continued plummeting on Friday. In Europe, Credit Suisse sank 8.01%. Over in the U.S., First Republic plunged 32.80% — and a further 15.37% in after-hours trading. Other regional banks were down too. PacWest lost 18.95% and Western Alliance Bancorp sank 15.14%.
- Big changes have come to the S&P 500. The industry benchmark reclassified some stocks, effective after the close of trading on Friday. The biggest shifts: Visa, Mastercard and Paypal moved to the financial sectors from technology; Target, Dollar General and Dollar Tree joined Walmart as consumer staples from their previous category of consumer discretionary.
- PRO Short sellers are taking advantage of the banking crisis, taking in nearly $2 billion in profits from bets against European banks. Their most profitable short? Surprisingly, it wasn’t Credit Suisse.
The bottom line
The banking crisis reminds us how much financial institutions and markets are driven by psychology.
A bank may be perfectly solvent one minute and collapse from a bank run the next. A stock may skyrocket one day on news it got billions from a cash infusion, and crater the next even though nothing material has changed in the intervening period. These are general sketches — depositors did have reasonable concerns about Silicon Valley Bank’s losses, for example — but the general principle holds. In other words, a bank’s stock — or that of any other company — may not necessarily reflect the health of its balance sheet, even though a correlation may seem apparent.
Markets in the U.S. and Europe demonstrated this principle Friday. Despite rebounding on Thursday amid news of financial support by central banks and financial regulators, on Friday, banks were badly hammered — once again — and dragged down major indexes with them. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 1.19%, the S&P 500 lost 1.10% and the Nasdaq Composite slid 0.74%. This suggests investors aren’t convinced that banks — and the broader economy — can be made whole with the current measures.
Whether the Federal Reserve shares investors’ mindset is another matter. Fed officials say they rely on data to determine the trajectory of interest rates. Going by the current turmoil in the banking sector, Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody’s Analytics, thinks it’s wiser for the Fed to pause rate hikes.
But data isn’t the only factor the Fed is thinking about; the psychology of investors comes into play as well. As Doug Roberts, founder and chief investment strategist at Channel Capital Research, said, Fed officials have “to do something, otherwise they lose credibility.” And credibility seems like the one resource banks sorely lacked last week, and which markets need going ahead.
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