Atlas, upbeat and relentlessly on message that Americans should resume life as much as they can, is the live embodiment of the president’s Covid-is-not-that-big-of-a-deal approach. Where school superintendents and football conference officials see a risk of the virus’s spread this fall, he cautions against too-strict measures. During Fox News appearances, he has downplayed the need for students to wear face coverings or practice social distancing if schools do reopen.
“It is proven children have no significant risk,” he said during a July 15 TV appearance. It’s a line that Trump has parroted but that hasn’t been borne out in districts where in-person learning has resumed: Schools in Georgia, North Carolina and Indiana have had to shut down shortly after starting the year because of positive cases.
In private meetings at the White House, Atlas has irritated other aides by arguing against expanded Covid-19 testing. He opposed a proposal championed by Dr. Deborah Birx, the response coordinator for the White House coronavirus task force, to scale up home testing through methods such as saliva tests. And recently, in a task force meeting, he told Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert, that science does not definitively support government mandates on wearing masks. (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that Americans wear masks when they interact with those outside of the home and in instances when social distancing is not possible.)
Atlas’ elevation inside the White House comes at a time when Trump aides are trying to give the perception of doing everything they can to fight the virus and find a vaccine roughly 80 days from the election, as the rate of infection climbs and the United States’ testing capacity falls short. Trump has sidelined or lashed out at many of his top health professionals, including Fauci and Birx, and has welcomed the different medical perspective Atlas provides, one senior administration official said.
Atlas declined to comment when reached by phone.
Critics, including other conservatives and health officials, say he is shading science and facts with a partisan lens to elevate himself and gain power in Republican circles.
“At the end of the day, this is a problem for Stanford,” said one former colleague from the Hoover Institution, the right-leaning think tank at the university where Atlas is a fellow. “Look, we have an administration that is lying about the virus, and they are grasping for anyone in a senior academic role. When they can use that branding and that title, it is instant credibility and that is what the administration is looking for.”
Judd Deere, the White House deputy press secretary, said in a statement: “We are all in this fight together, and only the media has distorted and diminished Dr. Atlas’ highly acclaimed career simply because he has come to serve the President. Dr. Atlas, like all of the medical experts in the Administration, is working to carry out the President’s number one priority: protecting the health and safety of the American people.”
Atlas first came to the attention of the Trump administration the way it finds so many top officials: through his appearances on Fox News. His comments on the coronavirus lockdown and the need to reopen the economy and schools caught the attention of the president and several top aides, including Jared Kushner, according to a second senior administration official.
A few weeks ago, Atlas officially joined the administration as an adviser, and in a short time he has become a frequent presence in the Oval Office and around the White House complex.
He spoke publicly at a White House event about school reopening and appeared at one of the president’s evening briefings, the only medical professional to do so in recent weeks. He has quickly established himself as a voice pushing for the resumption of daily activity, including the playing of college football and opening of schools — which Trump advisers and aides see as a key marker of normalcy that will help Trump’s reelection campaign.
Far more significantly, he’s part of a tiny group of advisers who meet every morning to chart the daily response to Covid-19: a group that includes long-standing aides like Kushner and Stephen Miller. He has gained influence so quickly that he even helps to prepare the president in the Oval Office for the newly revived evening briefings and makes suggestions for Trump’s opening remarks, according to interviews with six senior administration officials and Republicans close to the White House.
Atlas frequently questions or spars with other administration officials about data on the spread of the virus, or the efficacy of the government’s requiring people to wear masks, or the merits of broadening testing among the broader population — all of which other health professionals consider key planks in combating the virus, a sort of Pandemic 101.
He has become the president’s go-to Covid-19 doctor, the anti-Fauci, even if he does not have a background in infectious diseases or epidemiology. Instead, his specialty lies in radiology and neuroradiology, subjects he taught for many years as a professor and chief of neuroradiology at the Stanford University medical Center.
“There is nothing inherently bad with having a management leader of a task force who is not a subject-matter expert, like an epidemiologist,” said Juliette Kayyem, a former top Obama Department of Homeland Security official who was heavily involved in the response to the H1N1 pandemic.
“Every crisis has brains and muscle,” Kayyem added. “You have the scientists who know how to get the vaccine and protect us from the virus, and then you have the people who get things done, but Dr. Atlas doesn’t seem to fit into either. The only thing that will happen is that he will be another impediment to either real science or real action.”
In addition to his research at the Hoover Institution on health care policy and pricing, Atlas has advised past presidential candidates, including Rudy Giuliani in 2008 and Mitt Romney in 2012. At the White House, he is working as a paid special government employee.
Two colleagues from the Hoover Institution praised Atlas’ work as serious and evidence-based.
“He is a rigorous scientist,” said Paul Peterson, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and a professor at Harvard University with whom Atlas recently wrote an op-ed on the reopening of schools. “Just look at his prior research. Everything he says is backed up with citations.”
Michael Boskin, an economics professor at Stanford and a senior fellow at Hoover, added: “Scott is a highly valued colleague. He brings someone from the top of academic medicine’s perspective to health policy, which complements the economists, lawyer and others working on the subject, and since he has joined Hoover, he has been an important part of the discussion in and around health policy.”
Past colleagues and other health professionals say Atlas is someone who always likes to be in the center of the action and has always been interested in gaining power — and that now includes his position inside the White House.
Trump “has found someone who will take him back to 2019 who says, ‘Don’t wear masks. Open the schools,’” said Kayyem, the former Homeland Security official. “We are going through this. We’re not going back.
“The strategy of see no evil may be working for Trump, but it is not working for America. This is just more of the same.”